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Kimberley Garden Club

Kimberley Garden Club       Gardening in Kimberley       Deer Resistant Plants      Deer Repellent Sprays

 

DEER RESISTANT ORNAMENTAL AND USEFUL BULBS, PLANTS, SHRUBS, AND TREES

 

Information compiled by Marilee Quist, the garden club member, over the last 11 years gardening with local deer
probably useful to anyone living with deer

Symbols:

Z# - cold hardiness     B - biennial     XER - Xeriscape plant
S - sun     PSh - part shade     Sh - shade
Sp - spring bloom     ES - early summer bloom     MS - summer bloom    LS - late summer     L - late blooming (to frost)

 
Annuals
Agaratum houstonianum, Floss Flower
Ammi majus, White Lace Flower, Queen Anne's Lace
Antirrhinum majus, Snapdragon. Varieties: Rocket, Bright Butterflies, Madam Butterfly, Liberty, Floral Showers, Sweetheart Mix
Begonia x semperflorens 'cultorum', Fibrous Begonia, Wax Begonia
Begonia x tuberhybrida, Tuberous Begonia
Calendula officinalis, English Marigold, Pot Marigold
Centaurea cineraria, Dusty Miller 'Silver Dust', Dusty Miller 'Silver Lace'
Centaurea cyanus, Bachelor's Button
Celosia cristata, Cockscomb Celosia, Crested Celosia
Celosia plumosa, Feather Celosia, Plumed Celosia
Celosia Spicata, Pink Tassels Celosia, Wheat Celosia
Cleome hasslerana, Spider Flower
Consolida ambigua, Annual Delphinium, Annual Larkspur
Cosmos bipinnatus, Common Cosmos, Garden Cosmos
Cosmos sulphureus, Mexican Cosmos
Dimorphotheca sinuata, African Daisy, Cape Marigold, star of the Veld
Dyssoidia tennuiloba, Dahlberg Daisy
Gazania splendens, Treasure Flower
Helichrysum bracteatum, Everlasting Flower, Straw Flower
Limonium sinuata, Annual Statice, Mexican Statice, Sea Lavender
Limonium suworoii, Rat-tail Statice, Russian Statice, Pink Poppers
Nemesia strumosa, Pouch Nemesia
Nicotiana affinis, N. alata, N. langsdorfii, N. sylvestris, Flowering Tobacco
Nigella damascena, Fennel Flower, Love-in-a-Mist
Papaver rhoeas, Shirley Poppy, Corn Poppy
Pelargonium x domesticum, Pansy Geranium Martha Washington Geranium, Lady Washington Geranium, Regal Geranium
Pelargonium x hortumum 'hybrid', Hybrid Geranium, Seed Geranium, Single Flowered Geranium
Pelargonium x hortorum, Zonal Geranium, Double Flowered Geranium
Pelargonium x pelatum, Ivy Geranium, Hanging Geranium
Salvia splendens, Salvia, Scarlet Sage
Tagetes erecta, African Marigold, American Marigold, Aztec Marigold
Tagetes patula, French Marigold, Dwarf Marigold
Verbena hortensis, Common Garden Verbena
Verbena peruviana, Peruvian Verbena, Trailing Verbena
Zinnia elegans, Common Zinnia

Bulbs
Allium spp, Ornamental Allium, Z3-5, 4" - 2', Sp/ES/MS
Colchicum spp., Meadow Saffron (Fall blooming crocus), Z4-8, S/PSh
Convallaria majalis, Lily of the Valley, Z1, PSh/Sh, can be invasive
Crocosmia hybrids, Crocosmia, Montbretia, Z5, S
Crocus kotschyanus (C. Zonatus), (Fall blooming crocus), Z4-8, S/PSh
Crocus sativa, Saffron Crocus (Fall blooming crocus), Z4-8, S/PSh
Crocus speciosus ‘Albus’ (Fall blooming crocus), Z4-8, S/PSh
Crocus speciosus ‘Conqueror’ (Fall blooming crocus), Z4-8, S/PSh
Dahlia rosea, Z8-10, LIFT IN FALL, S/PSh
Fritillaria spp., Fritillary, Z3-9, S/PSh
Hyaninthoides spp., Hyacinths, Z4-8, 8-12", S/PSh, Sp
Hyacinthoides non-scripta, English Bluebells, Z3-9. S/PSh/Sh
Iris spp., Bearded, Siberian, Dwarf, Dutch Iris, Z2-8, S/PSh
Ixiolirion tataricum, Lavender Mountain Lilies, Z5-9, S/PSh
Lilium spp, Lilies - species, Asiatic, Oriental, Trumpet (deer will eat lily buds if they are accessible), Z2-4, S/PSh
Muscari armeniacum, Blue Grape Hyacinth, Z3-8, S/PSh
Narcissus spp., Daffodils, Jonquils, Z3-8, S/PSh/Sh
Scillia spp., Squill, Z1-5, 2-4", Sp

Ground Covers
Achillea tomentosa ‘Aurea’, Woolly Yarrow, Z2, 6", XER, S, Sp/ES
Aegopodium podagraria ‘Variegata’, Bishop’s Weed, Goutweed, Z1, 1', Sh/PSh, ES, can be very invasive
Ajuga reptans, Carpet Bugle, Bugleweed, Z2, 6", PSh/S, ES
Alyssum montanum, Mountain Alyssum, Z2, 4-6", XER, S, Sp/ES
Antennaria dioica ‘Rosea’, Pink Pussytoes, Z2, 6", XER, S, ES
Antennaria lantana, Woolly Everlasting, Z2, 6" XER, S, Sp
Arabis alpina subsp. caucasia ‘Snowcap’, White Wall Cress, Z3, 8", XER, S, Sp
Aubrietia, Rock Cress, Z4, 6", XER, S, Sp
Cerastium tomentosum, Snow in Summer, Z1, 6", XER, S, ES, can be invasive
Convallaria majalis, Common Lily-of-the-Valley, Z1, 4-6", Sp, Psh, Sh
Dianthus alpinus, Alpine Pinks, Z3, 2-4", S, Sp
Euphorbia myrsinites, Creeping Spurge, Z4, 6", XER, S, Sp
Fragaria ‘Pink Panda’, Ornamental Strawberry, Z2, 4", S/PSh
Galium odoratum, Sweet Woodruff, Z3, 9" Sh, moist soil, MS
Gypsophilia repens, Creeping Baby’s Breath, Z2, 6" XER, S, ES
Lamium maculata, Creeping Lamium, False Salvia, Z2, 6-12", PSh/Sh
Lamiastrum galeobdolon, Yellow Archangel, Z2, 8", PSh/Sh, Sp/ES
Lysimachia nummularia, Creeping Jenny, Z2, 3", S/PSh/Sh, moist soil
Sedum kamschaticum, Z2, 8", XER, S, Sp/ES
Sedum reflexum, Z2, 6", XER, S, Sp/ES
Sedum, spurium ‘Dragon’s Blood’, Z2, 4" XER, S, MS/L
Thymus praecox (T. serphyllum), Creeping Thyme, Z2, 4", XER, S, MS/L
Thymus pseudolanuginosus, Z2, Wooly Thyme, 1-2", XER, S, MS/L
Veronica austriaca, French Alpine Speedwell, Z2, 4-6", S, PSh, S
Vinca minor, Common Periwinkle, Z3, 6", Sh/PSh, moist soil Sp

Ornamental Grasses
Arrhenantherum elatius subsp. bulbosum, ‘Oat Grass, Z2, 1', PSh, moist soil,
Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’, Foerster’s Feather Reed Grass, Z3, 4-5', S/PSh
Carex spp., Palm Sedge, Z4, 4-12", Psh/S
Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern Sea Oats, Z5, 32-40", S/PSh/Sh
Festuca ovina glauca, Blue Fescue, Z3, 1' XER, S, MS
Helictotrichon sempervirens, Blue Oat Grass, Z3, 2-3', XER, S
Hierochloe odorata, Sweetgrass, Z3, 1-2', XER, S, invasive-keep contained
Hystrix patula, Bottlebrush Grass, Z3, 3', S/PSh, MS
Koeleria glauca, Blue Hair Grass, Z4, XER, S, ES
Luzula sylvatica, Greater Wood Rush, Z4, 1-2', PSh/Sh
Miscanthus spp., Silver Grass, Maiden Grass, Z3-5, 3-10', S.PSh
Phalaris arudinacea picta, Ribbon Grass, Z2, 3', S, invasive-keep contained
Stipa brachytricha, , Korean Feather Reed Grass, Z3, 18"-8', S/PSh
Sisyrinchium angustifolium, Blue eyed Grass, Z4, 6-10", S/PSh

Ornamental and Useful Perennial Herbs
Agastache foeniculum ‘Blue Fortune’, Anise-Hyssop, Z2, 3-5', S, MS/L
Allium spp., Ornamental Onion, Chives, Z2-4, S/PSh
Allium tuberosum, Garlic Chives, Z2, 2', XER, S, L
Althaea offinicalis, Marsh Mallow, Z3, 4', XER, S, MS
Armoracia rusticana, Horseradish, Z3-10, S/PSh
Angelica archangelica, Angelica, Z2, 5-8', PSh, moist soil
Anthemis tinctoria ‘Kelwayi’, Golden Marguerite, Z3, 2-3' XER, S, MS
Artemisia abrotanum. Southernwood, Z4, 3-5', XER, S,
Artemisia absinthium, Absinthe, Common Wormwood, Old Man, Z4, 3-5' XER, S,
Artemisia dracunculus sativa, French Tarragon, Z3, 2-3', XER, S,
Chamaemelum nobile, Roman Chamomile, Z4, 9", XER, S, MS
Chenopidium ambrosioides, Epazote, Z4, 3', S, Annual, but self-sows.
Chrysanthemum balsamita, Costmary, Z4, 3-5', XER, S, MS
Grindelia robusta, Gumplant, Z3, 2-3', XER, S
Humulus lupulus, Hops, Z3, 10-25', twining vine, S, MS/L
Hypericum perforatum, St. John’s Wort, Z3, 2', XER, S, MS/L
Hyssopus officinalis, Hyssop, Z3, 2', XER, S, MS
Lavendula spp, Lavender, Z4-6, 1.5', XER, S, MS
Levisticum officinale, Lovage, Z3, 6', S
Malva moschata, Musk Mallow, Z3, 4-5' XER, S
Marrubium vulgare, Horehound, Z4, 2-3', XER, S, MS
Melissa officinalis, Lemon Balm, Z4, 1-2', S, MS, invasive
Mentha piperita, Peppermint, Z4, 1-2', S, MS, invasive
Mentha spicata, Spearmint, Z4, 1-2', S, MS, invasive
Mentha suaveolens, Apple Mint, Z4, 2.5', S, moist soil, L, invasive
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Z3, 3-4', S, MS
Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bergamont, Z3, 4', XER, MS
Origanum spp., Oregano, Z5-6, S
Origanum vulgare hirtum, Greek Oregano, Z5-6, 8", XER, S, MS
Rosmarianus officinalis, Rosemary, Z7 (bring in for winter), 2', XER, S, L
Ruta graveolens, Rue, Herb of Grace, Z4, 2', XER, S/PSh, MS
Salvia officinalis, Common Sage, Z4, 2', XER, S, MSSymphytum officinale, Comfrey, Z3, 3-5', S/PSH, moist soil,
Tanacetum parthenium, Feverfew, Z3, 3', S, MS
Tanacetum vulgare, Tansy, Z3, 3-4', XER, S, MS, invasive
Thymus herba-barona cv, Lemon Carpet™ Thyme, Z4, 1", S,
Thymus vulgaris, Thyme, Z4, 1', XER, S, MS

Shrubs and Trees
Abies spp., Fir, Z1-3, 18" - 70'
Acer spp, Maple, Z2-3, 7-60', S
Acer ginnala, Amur Maple, Z2, S
Alnus tenuifolia, Alder, Z2, 30-35', S
Amelanchier alnifolia, Z3-9, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Z3-9, 12', PSh
Berberis thunbergii, Japanese Barberry, Z4-9, 18" - 8', S/PSh
Betula spp., Birch, Z1, 7-70', S
Caragana arborescens, Common Caragana, Z1, 15-20', S/PSh
Cornus sericea, Red Osier Dogwood, Z2, 2-25', S/PSh (In some areas of Kimberley, deer love dogwood)
Cotonester acutifolius, Peking Cotonester (once mature, deer won’t eat),  Z2-9, S/PSh
Cytisus decumbens, Prostrate Broom, Z5-9, 6", S
Cytisus scorparius, Common Broom, Z5-9, 7', S
Elaeganus angustifolia, Russian Olive, Z2, 20-20', S
Genista spp., Genista (Very similar to Cytisus or Broom), Z3, 1-2', S
Hippophae rhamnoides, Sea Buckthorn, Z3, 15-30', S
Kalopanax pictus, Castor Aralia, Z5, S/PSh
Potentilla spp., Shrubby Cinquefoil, Z2, 2-3', S, ES-LS
Picea spp., Spruce, Z1-3, 1-100', S/PSh,
Pinus spp., Pine, Z1-3, 1-70', S (Except Mugo Pine - deer in Kimberley like Mugo Pine)
Populus spp., Cottonwood, Black Cottonwood, Aspen, Z2-3, 40-70', S
Potentilla spp., Shrubby Cinquefoil, Z2, S
Salix spp., Willow, Z2-8, S/PSh
Spirea spp., Spirea, Z3-9, S/PSh
Symphoricarpos albus, Snowberry, Z3-8, S/PSh
Sryinga spp., Lilac, 2-4, 3-30', S/PSh

Ferns
There are a number of ferns hardy from Zone 1-5 that should grow in our area. Check your local nurseries for varieties they stock.

Ornamental Perennials
Achillea spp., Yarrow, Z1-2, S
Aconitum spp., Monkshood, Z2, S/PSh
Alcea rosea, Hollyhock, Z2, 6-8', L
Alcea ficifolia hybrids, Single-flowered hollyhock, Z2, S
Alchemilla mollis, Lady’s Mantle, Z2, S/PSh
Allium carinatum pulchellum, Keeled Garlic, Z4, 2', XER, S,L
Allium flavum, Small Yellow Onion, Z3, 1.5', XER, S, L
Allium humenorrhizum, Z1, 1.5', XER, S, MS
Anchusa azurea, Italian Bugloss, Z3-9, S/PSh
Armeria formosa, Thrift, Z3, 1', XER, S, ES
Ameria maritima ‘Alba’, Sea Thrift, Z3, 8", XER, S, ES
Anemone multifida, Cutleaf Anemone, Windflower, Z3, 12-18", S/PSh, MS
Aquilegia, Columbine, Z2, 6-24", MS, S/PSh
Anthemis tinctoria ‘Kelwayi’, Golden Marguerite, Z2-9, S
Arabis caucasica, Rock Cress, Z3, S
Artemisia spp., Wormwood, Southwood, Z1-6, S/PSh
Artemisia ludoviciana ‘Silver Queen’, Wormwood, Z4, 2.5', XER, S
Artemisia schmidtiana ‘Silver Mound’, Z3, 1', XER, S
Artemisia stelleriana, Beach Wormwood, Z3, 1', XER, S
Aruncus dioicus, Goat’s Beard, Z2, S/PSh
Asarum canadense, Wild Ginger, Z2, PSh/Sh
Aster dumosus, Dumosus Aster (fall-blooming aster), Z2-3, S
Aster novi-angliae, New England Aster (fall-blooming aster), Z2, S
Aster novi-belgii, New York Aster (fall-blooming aster), Z3, S
Astilbe spp, Astilbe, Z3-4, PSh/Sh
Aurinia saxatilis compactum, Yellow Allysum, Z3, 1' XER, Sp
Calluna vulgaris, Summer Heather, Z4, S/PSh
Caltha palustris, Marsh Marigold, Z2, S/PSh
Calystegia hederacea, Perennial Morning Glory, Z2-6, S/PSh
Campanula spp., Bellflower, Z2-6, S/PSh
Catanache caerulea, Cupid’s Dart, Z4, S
Centaurea dealbata, Persian Cornflower, Z3, 3', XER, S,MS
Centauera macrocephala, Globe Centaurea, Z2, 3-4', XER, LS
Centaurea montana, Cornflower, Z2, S
Chelone obliqua, TurtleheadZ3, S/PSh
Chrysanthemum hybrids, Garden Mums, Z3-5, S/PSh
Cimicifuga racemosa atropurpurea, Purple Leaf Bugbane, Z3, S/PSh
Clematis alpina, Alpine Clematis, Z1, 10', vine, S/PSh, Sp
Clematis hybrids, Z1-4, S/PSh
Clematis tangutica, Golden Clematis, Z1, 20', vine, S/PSh, LS
Coreopsis, Tickseed, Z4, S
Delphinium spp., Delphinium, Z2, S
Dianthus spp., Carnation, Pink, Maiden Pink, Cottage Pink Pinks, Z2-4, S
Dianthus barbatus, Sweet William, Z2, 6-24", S, Sp-LS,
Dicentra spectabilis, Common Bleeding Heart, Z2-3, PSh/Sh
Dictamunus albus ‘Purpureus’, Gas Plant, Z2, S
Digitalis spp., Foxglove, Z2-4, S/PSh
Digitalis grandiflora, Large Yellow Foxglove, Z2, 2-3', S/PSh, ES (Perennial)
Digitalis mertonensis, Pink Foxglove, Strawberry Foxglove, Z4, 3-4', S/PSh, ES (Perennial)
Dipsacus sylvestris, Common Teasel, Z3, 4-8', XER, S, B, MS, dries well
Echinacea purpurea, Purple Coneflower, White Coneflower, Z3-4, S
Echinops bannaticus, Globe Thistle, Z2, S
Echium vulgare, Viper’s Bugloss, Z4, 18-24", XER, S, B,
Eremurus, Foxtail Lily, Z5, S
Erigeron ‘Wild Romance’, Fleabane Daisy (fall-blooming aster), Z2, S
Erigeron speciosus, Fleabane Daisy, Z2, S
Erigeron ‘Wild Romance’, Fleabane Daisy (fall-blooming aster), Z2, 3-5', S, LS-L
Eryngium ‘Sapphire Blue’, Sea Holly, Z4, S (Eryngium cultivars hardy Z2-4)
Eupatorium spp., Joe Pye, Boneset, Double Hemp Agrimony, Z2-5, S/PSh
Euphorbia polychroma, Cushion Spurge, Z3, 12-18", S/PSh, Sp
Filipendula rubra, Meadowsweet, Z3, S/PSh
Gaillardia spp., Blanket Flower, Z2, S
Genista spp., Genista (Very similar to Cytisus or Broom), Z3, 1-2', S
Geranium spp, Cranesbill, Z2-7), S/PSh
Geum, Avens, Z5, S/PSh
Gypsophilia paniculata, Baby’s Breath, Z2, S
Helenium spp., Sneezeweed, Z2-4, S
Helianthum mutabile, Sun/Rock Rose, Z4, S
Heliopsis helianthroides, False Sunflower, Z2, S
Hemerocallis x hybrida, Daylily, Z2, S/PSh
Hesperis matronalis, Sweet Rocket, Z2, S/PSh
Heuchera spp., Coral Bells, Z3-4, S/PSh
Jasione laevis (J. perennis), Shepherd’s Bit, Z4, 10-12", XER, S, MS
Knautia macedonica, Crimson Scabious, Z4, S
Kniphofia hybrids, Red Hot Poker, Torch Lily, Z5, S
Lamiastrum galeobdolan ‘Hermann’s Pride’, False Lamium, Yellow Archangel, Z2, PSh/Sh
Lavendula spp., Lavender, Z4-7, S
Leontopodium alpinum, Edelweiss, Z2, 8", XER, S, ES
Liatris spicata, Blazing Star, Gayfeather, Z2, 18-36", S, MS-LS
Ligularia spp., Elephant Ears, Z2-4, 30-60", S/PSh, MS-LS
Limonium latifolium, Sea Lavender, Z2, S
Linem perenne, Flax, Z2, S
Lobelia cardinalis, Cardinal Flower, Z2, S/PSh
Luecanthemum spp., Shasta Daisy, Z4, S/PSh
Lychnis alpina, Arctic Campion, Z1, 4", XER, S, Sp/ES
Lunaria, Honesty, Money Plant, Z2, S/PSh
Lupinus, Lupins, Z3, S/PSh
Lychnis chalcedonica, Maltese Cross, Z2, S
Lychnis coronaria, Rose Campion, Z3, S
Lysimachia ciliata ‘Firecracker’, Fringed Loosestrife, Z2, S/PSh/Sh
Lysimachia nummalaria, Creeping Jenny, Z2, S/PSh/Sh
Lysimachia punctata, Yellow Loosestrife, Z2, S/PSh/Sh
Marrubium incanum, Woolly Horehound, Z4, 3' XER, S, MS
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Z3, S/PSh
Monarda fistulosa, Wild Bee Balm, Z2-9, S/PSh
Myosotis sylvatica, Forget-Me-Not, Z3, S/PSh/Sh
Nepeta, spp., Catmint, Z2-4, 10-36", S, ES-LS
Onopordum acanthium, Scotch Thistle, B, Z3, 6', XER, S, B, showy silver prickly plant, purple thistle flowerheads, MS
Opentia humifusa, Prickly Pear Cactus, Z4, S
Paeonia lactiflora, Peony, Z2-4, S
Papaver, Poppy, both annual and Oriental, Z2-4, S
Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia Creeper, Z2-9, S/PSh
Penstemon digitalis, Beard Tongue, Z3, S
Perovskia atriplicifolia, Russian Sage, Z4, S
Phlomis spp., Jerusalem Sage, Z2-5, 2-4', S, Sp-LS
Physalis alkekengi, Chinese Lantern, Z2, S/PSH
Physostegia virginiana, Obedient Plant, Z2, S/PSh
Polemonium caeruleum, Jacob’s Ladder, Z2, S/PSh
Primula spp., Primrose, Z2-5, PSh
Pulmonaria saccharata, Lungwort, Bethleham Sage, Z2, PSh/Sh
Pulsatilla vulgaris, Pasque flower, Z2, S/PSh
Ratiba columnaris, Prairie Coneflower, Z2, S
Rheum, Garden Rhubarb, Z2, S/PSh
Rudbeckia spp., Gloriosa Daisy, Coneflower, Brown-eyed Susan, Z2-5, S
Salvia spp., Sage (Clary, Perennial, Common, Meadow, Silver), Z3-6, S
Saponaria ocymoides, Rock Soapwort, Z2, S
Scabiosa spp., Pincushion Flower, Z2-4, S/PSh
Sempervivum spp., Hens and Chicks, Z1, S (deer will paw these up in the spring, but won’t eat)
Sidalcea spp., Checker Mallow, Z4, S/PSh
Stachys lanata, (S. Byzantina), Lamb’s Ears, Z3, S/PSh
Tamarix ramosissisma, Tamarisk, Z3, S
Tanacetum coccineum, Painted Daisy, Z2, S
Tanacetum vulgare, Tansy, Z4-9, S/PSh
Tradescantia, Spiderwort, Z3, S/PSh
Trollius cultorum, Globe Flower, Z2, S/PSh
Verbascum spp., Mullein, Z3-5, S
Veronica longifolia, Tall Spike Speedwell, Z3, S/PSh
Veronica spicata, Spike Speedwell, Z2, S/PSh
Viola sororia, Woolly Blue Violet, Z3, PSh

“Deer Food”
Carnations
Cedar
Gladiolus flowers, if they can get close to them
Hosta
Lily Buds, if they can get close to them
Pansies
Rose buds and flowers
Tall Sedum
Tulips (use lots of blood meal to help prevent “nibbles”)

Beet Greens
Bush Beans
Chard
Lettuce
Spinach
Tomatoes (they will pick them, take a bite, then spit them out, ruining green tomatoes)


Deer in Kimberley are known to eat these.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deer Resistant Plants, Revised March 23, 2010
 

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